Clindamycin

Clindamycin is an antibiotic that is consumed to treat various kinds of bacterial infections. This medicine belongs to a class of drugs known as lincomycin antibiotics. The brand name for clindamycin is Cleocin.

Composition

Clindamycin is sold as capsules or a powder for the solution and comes in dosage strengths of 75 mg, 150 mg, and 300 mg. The main active ingredient is clindamycin hydrochloride, while other inactive ingredients in the 75 mg capsule include magnesium stearate, lactose, corn starch, FD&C Yellow no.5, gelatin, talc, and FD&C blue no. 1. The 150 mg dosage includes magnesium stearate, gelatin, lactose, FD&C Yellow No.5, talc, corn starch, titanium dioxide, and FD&C blue no.1. For the 300 mg capsule, the inactive components are titanium dioxide, FD&C blue no.1, talc, corn starch, lactose, corn starch, gelatin, and magnesium stearate.

Pharmacological Action

Clindamycin works by inhibiting or preventing the growth of bacteria. This drug disrupts bacterial protein synthesis which triggers changes in the surface of cell walls. This creates unfavorable conditions for bacteria to host cells and boosts intracellular killing of organisms.

Indication

Clindamycin treats some types of bacterial infections in different parts of the body such as internal organs, blood, lungs, skin and female reproductive organs. Unfortunately, clindamycin cannot treat flu, colds or other viral infections.

Mode of Indication, Dosage, and Administration

Clindamycin recommended dosage 150 mg – 300 mg every six hours depending on the nature of your illness, and how you react to the medication. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe 300-450 mg to be taken every six hours. Ideally, you should take clindamycin 3-4 times per day. This medication should be consumed around the same time daily, and be careful to strictly follow your doctor’s directions.

Capsules and oral solution can be administered with or without food. Capsules should be taken with plenty of water to avoid irritation of the throat. Do not stop taking your drugs or skip doses even if you begin feeling better after a few days of medication. Do not overdose and should this happen, get medical help immediately as you could experience side effects such as seizures and breathing difficulties.

Clindamycin Side Effects

There are different side effects caused by this medication. While some effects are mild, others can be serious and require medical attention. Side effects associated with this drug include:

  • Joint pains;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Heartburn;
  • White patches in the mouth;
  • Vaginal discomfort;
  • Pain when swallowing;
  • Bad or metallic taste in the mouth;
  • Thick, white vaginal discharge.

Other side effects that may require you to call a doctor immediately include:

  • Itching;
  • Hoarseness;
  • Decreased urination;
  • Yellowing of the eyes and skin;
  • Hives;
  • Skin peeling or blistering;
  • Rash;
  • Breathing difficulties;
  • Swelling of different body parts such as the throat, face, lips, tongue, feet, lower legs or ankles.

Contraindication

Before you order clindamycin online, there are some precautions you need to take for the medicine to work effectively for you. It is not recommended to use this drug if you’re allergic to clindamycin or lincomycin. Inform your doctor if you’ve ever suffered from the following conditions:

  • Crohn’s disease, colitis or other intestinal complications;
  • Pregnant or plan to become pregnant;
  • Allergic to yellow food dye;
  • Skin conditions such as eczema;
  • Asthma;
  • Allergic to aspirin;
  • Liver disease;
  • Breastfeeding;
  • Young children and babies shouldn’t be given this medicine without a doctor’s advice.

Drug Interaction

There are drugs that can affect how clindamycin works. Before you buy clindamycin, inform the doctor if you are using or recently used any of these medications:

  • Clarithromycin;
  • Erythromycin i.e. E-Mycin, Erythrocin, E.E.S;
  • Aspirin or tartrazine;
  • Itraconazole, nefazodone;
  • Rifampin.

The above are a few examples of drugs you should mention, but it’s recommended to tell your doctor all other medicines you are currently using.